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  • Ítem
    ¿Cuál es el impacto de la tecnología de los NFT en la gestión de los derechos de autor en el entorno digital?
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Zapata Uribe, Susana; Gómez Escobar, Andrés; Toro Valencia, José Alberto
  • Ítem
    Campesinado colombiano y proyectos de desarrollo : entre el espectro del derecho a la participación ambiental y la consulta previa
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Ruiz Veloza, Manuela; Bustamante Velásquez, José David; Gómez Velásquez, Alejandro
  • Ítem
    El gran reto de construir empresa en Colombia : análisis del impacto que puede tener la regulación en materia de alimentos sobre los comerciantes colombianos
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Giraldo Grajales, Isabella; Aristizábal Giraldo, Valeria; Vélez Villegas, Juan Esteban
  • Ítem
    La redomesticación punitiva en el Sistema de Responsabilidad Penal para Adolescentes : una doble condena para las mujeres
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Blandón Chica, Manuela; Moreno Obando, Juliana; Restrepo Echeverri, Estefanía; Toro Taborda, Mariana
  • Ítem
    Limitaciones del derecho a la orientación sexual en el contexto de las personas privadas de la libertad con orientaciones sexuales no hegemónicas en el establecimiento penitenciario y carcelario de “El Pedregal”
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Caballero Gerena, María Consuelo; Echavarría Ramírez, Ricardo
    The main objective of this article is to establish the limitations faced by the right to sexual orientation within the High and Medium Security Prison and Penitentiary Complex of Medellin PEDREGAL, for which (i) the concepts of non-hegemonic sexual orientation and heteronormativity in the Colombian context will be explained, (ii) analyze the purposes and scope of the custodial sentence in light of criminological theories and (iii) conceptualize the constitutionality of the custodial sentence limiting or suspending the fundamental rights to sexual orientation, sexual freedom and family unity.
  • Ítem
    ¿Son el estoppel y la teoría de los actos propios aplicables en el sistema de propiedad intelectual en Colombia?
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Uribe Rivera, María Valentina; Restrepo Gómez, Miguel; Acosta Sánchez, Juan Felipe
  • Ítem
    Relación jurídica sobre el acoso laboral y la culpa patronal en torno a las enfermedades mentales
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Marín Zapata, Simón Jairo; Piedrahita Vargas, Camilo
    Mental illnesses as a consequence of labor harassment are protected by the Colombian legal system; likewise, the WHO has established several guidelines to understand mental health as a state of well-being of individuals that allows their development in the community. In accordance with, the Political Constitution of Colombia guarantees the right to health of all the inhabitants of the Colombian territory. For this reason, this essay addresses elements that allow identifying the circumstances that arise in the context of labor relations that generate mental illnesses in workers as a consequence. And we try to elucidate the reasons why these mental illnesses are effectively configured as a result of labor harassment and employer's fault; rather than from situations that are more related to the and employer's guilt, rather than situations and circumstances that affect the individual in everyday life. The above, from various sources that have their origin in the World Health Organization, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the International Labor Organization, the Ministry of Labor, the Political Constitution of Colombia, the Colombian Labor Code, Law 1010 of 2006 on Labor Harassment, Decree 1295 of 1994, national jurisprudence and doctrinal elaborations of various authors. In this way, a qualitative study is carried out to identify the factual circumstances from empirical elements, in order to perform an analysis of the psychological damage in terms of disorders and pathologies that arise in relation to work and more specifically to harassment at work. Finally, the most relevant jurisprudential considerations on the subject are grouped in order to conclude the imperative need for the protection of workers, from a labor and legal perspective.
  • Ítem
    Estado de cosas inconstitucionales en el Sistema Penitenciario Nacional colombiano y la necesidad de intervención de organismos internacionales (1998-2022)
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Murallas Uribe, Luisa Alejandra; Gómez Pérez, María Paulina
    The Constitutional Court has defined as an Unconstitutional State of Affairs in prison and penitentiary matters the flagrant massive, generalized, systematic, restrictive and suspensive violation of a broad constitutional imperative and axiological catalog (which permeates, saturates and invades all the regulation of institutions, subjecting them to under parameters and philosophical assumptions as high as the principle of human dignity) in penitentiary centers mainly due to the inhuman and degrading conditions due to the lack of infrastructure, public services, health and overcrowding that the defendants face with “anticipated punishment without trial” and those convicted. As well as a criminal policy, incoherent, unstable, unsustainable, thoughtless, volatile, subordinate, populist, empirically unfounded, reactive, selective, discriminatory and lacking of a clear human rights perspective in the phases of primary, secondary and tertiary criminalization of the Colombian State. In making this decision, the Court has taken consideration the capacity of the penitentiary and prison centers, which is quantitatively 80,922 inmates. However, it has an estimated population of 97,289, corresponding to 73,099 prisoners that have been found guilty and 24,190 accused or unionized. Therefore, in response to the relationships of special subjection established between the administration and people deprived of liberty, that constitute a special position of guarantor on the part of the Public Administration based on international standards of respect for the dignity of inmates, the enjoyment effective of their inalienable and untouchable fundamental rights and in the face of the legitimacy of a normalized and dehumanized intramural detention that implies that in the end it remains fair "that the punishment entails a dose of suffering" this work proposes as a general objective to analyze the State of Things
  • Ítem
    Aproximación a las cláusulas o pactos de indemnidad en los contratos de compraventa de acciones
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Cano Echavarría, Martín; Gaviria Gómez, Juan Carlos
  • Ítem
    Los trabajadores en misión y la estabilidad laboral reforzada del fuero de salud
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Ferrer Vanegas, Valentina; Orozco Galvis, María Camila; Cortés Ramírez, Jairo Daniel
    This paper aims to perform a doctrinal, jurisprudential and legal analysis on how health protection operates in contract workers and as a result of weakness as manifested, gives way to reenforced labor stability, keeping in mind the different postures present in the jurisprudence of the high Colombian Courts. It will question how it does affect Temporary Service Companies because of the timeframe that the contract worker is allowed to be working at the user company.
  • Ítem
    Gaining Access to International Investment Agreements’ Protections through the Structuring or Restructuring of Investments : The Colombian Case - How can Investors Protect their Investments in Colombia through the Practice of Treaty Shopping?
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Quintero González, Pedro; Puyo Velásquez, Daniel Mateo
    This thesis explores the realm of international investment agreements and their potential to safeguard investments through the strategic corporate structuring or restructuring of investments, harnessing the benefits contained in international investment agreements. The initial focus is on the fundamental role of these international instruments in ensuring the security of foreign investments. As the global investment landscape undergoes transformations, the thesis underscores the adaptive strategies investors employ to navigate the evolving legal framework. The concept of treaty shopping is explored as a strategic tool embraced by investors to optimize protective measures. The motivations and perceptions across stakeholders, including governments, investors, and judicial bodies, is analyzed in the first sections of the thesis. The study then examines the different limitations within the treaty shopping practice. Jurisdictional constraints, encompassing ratione personae, ratione materiae, and ratione temporis, are studied. The thesis further analyzes normative bounds, encompassing elements like denial of benefits clauses, and, lastly, it discusses the concept of the abuse of rights doctrine as an additional limit to the treaty shopping practice. Shifting attention to Colombia, the thesis examines the nation's array of international investment agreements, evaluating their approach to the concept of treaty shopping. Real-world disputes involving these strategies, where Colombia has been implicated, are also analyzed. Concluding, actionable recommendations are proposed for investors navigating Colombia's evolving investment landscape and recent political uncertainty. Bridging theory and practical scenarios, the thesis offers insights for investors and legal practitioners engaging with international investment protections within Colombia. In essence, this thesis constructs a strategic guide, customized to Colombia's dynamic political landscape, aiding investors in effectively utilizing international investment agreements for investment security. The Colombian context serves as a distinct backdrop, illustrating the interplay between treaty provisions and adaptive investment protection strategies amid the global economic landscape.
  • Ítem
    Consecuencias jurídicas de promover la agricultura sostenible mediante proyectos sociales dirigidos a la comunidad rural de Cocorná, Antioquia
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Abad Londoño, Manuela; Toro Valencia, José Alberto
    The Colombian countryside concerns all of us Colombians who feed ourselves and benefit from its products, however, the population of rural areas of the country and specifically of Cocorná, Antioquia, face different problems on a daily basis for which many times they do not have an adequate solution. The purpose of this study is to identify these problems, analyze the possible solutions but also the perspective of the population under study, since it is clear that for a project to fulfill its objective and be efficient, the population must be willing to adopt it and the solution must be as pertinent and precise as possible. For a better understanding and study, the project will begin with the analysis of the second SDG, its implementation and respective legal consequences, as well as the impact and participation of the private sector to achieve the proposed objectives. It will also be essential to study Cocorná, its population and main characteristics of everything related to the agricultural sector. The analysis of the methodologies and their application in the population under study will also be part of the work and this part of the research will require interviews and field research in order to obtain first hand information that will be relevant when examining the legal consequences that arise from the application of these tools. It is expected that this work will end with the conclusion that after studying how the impact and compliance of a soft law standard works, the legal consequences of implementing the methodologies studied will comply with what is highlighted in the second SDG in its section "promoting sustainable agriculture", it will be contributing to the achievement of a soft law standard.
  • Ítem
    Análisis crítico del Habeas Corpus
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Velandia Alzate, Valeria; Agudelo Ríos, Manuela; Sánchez Daniels, Catalina del Pilar
  • Ítem
    Régimen colombiano conflicto de intereses accionistas y administradores : posibles mejoras
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2024) Álvarez Giraldo, Luis Carlos; Perea Martínez, Leslie Vanesa; Díaz Castañeda, Sebastián
    The regime that regulates corporate conflicts in Colombia involves a great normative accumulation, from the Code of Commerce, to legislation such as Law 222 of 1995, Decree 1075 of 2015, Decree 1925 of 2009 and Law 1564 of 2012, however, despite this regulation, However, regardless of this regulation, there are still some gaps or regulatory ambiguities, which is why this writing through an exercise of Colombian jurisprudential review, identification of some weaknesses of our legislation, and comparative law inspection, specifically of Chile and the United States, where the main characteristics that differentiate and resemble them with the Colombian regime are looked at, intends to understand the need for a more flexible and updated regulation, which helps the development of the commercial activities of a company, where the administrators and shareholders are immersed, generating a greater fluidity and legal security to such operations, while providing greater decisional freedom to the administrator giving him access to the management of a risk that leads to a greater capital gain of the company.
  • Ítem
    El fenómeno de la concurrencia causal en colisión de actividades peligrosas (accidentes de tránsito) por culpa de la víctima : análisis jurisprudencial
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Garcia Pabón, Daniel; González Jaramillo, Jose Luis; Villa García, Luis Felipe
    To determine causation, the doctrine and the Court have opted for various theories. However, in the face of the concurrence of causes in the development of dangerous activities (traffic accidents, in particular) due to the fact or fault of the victim, the jurisprudential treatment has been scarce. This research identifies the most relevant judgments handed down between 2019 and 2022 by the Supreme Court of Justice, in which the Civil Chamber faced such assumptions, with the purpose of identifying the solutions and criteria used. Also, this monograph takes a position on the most recent jurisprudential position and proposes the application of criteria to facilitate the determination of the causal link.
  • Ítem
    El papel de la Junta Administradora Local de la Comuna 11 de Medellín en las dinámicas de presupuesto participativo durante el período 2020-2022 : análisis crítico del Decreto 0146 de 2022
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Abbasi Miranda, Sahand; Sánchez Daniels, Catalina del Pilar
    The purpose of this dissertation is to critically examine the role of the Local Administrative Board (LAB) in the operation of the Participatory Budget (PB) in the district 11 (Laureles-Estadio) of Medellín, in the period spanning the years 2020 to 2022. For this purpose, the relevant actors, stakes and procedures involved were identified. This work will also examine the notion of the PB at international, regional and domestic scales through an exercise of comparative law, emphasizing the role of the LABs as political and administrative authorities in the allocation of PB funds, both in the fostering of citizen participation as well as in the political and administrative oversight of budgetary procedures. Throughout this dissertation the reader is provided with an in-depth review of the role of the LABs in the allocation of PB resources in light of the Decree 146 of 2022, highlighting the inconsistencies between the national legislation and territorial regulations on the subject. This paper aims to provide insights into the debate on the efficacy and effectiveness of the PB in Medellín as well as its capacity to fulfil the purposes of the Colombian State in the territories, while also exploring successful experiences of the same nature at the international stage and offering some policy recommendations.
  • Ítem
    Desestimación de la personalidad jurídica en Colombia y Estados Unidos : estudio de marco legal y precedentes jurisprudenciales
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Solórzano Isaza, Agustín; Restrepo Botero, Laura; Álvarez Zuluaga, Alejandro
    This thesis studies the establishment of companies in Colombia, emphasizing how this legal action separates the shareholders' assets from those of the business entity. However, it points out that shareholders sometimes use these structures for fraudulent purposes. In response to this issue, the concept of "piercing the corporate veil" is introduced, allowing courts to question this separation in cases of abuse. Although this legal concept exists, the text argues that its application is restrictive in Colombia and the United States due to its potential impact on the theory of limited liability, a fundamental concept that promotes investment and the economic system by reducing personal financial risk in business activities. Ultimately, striking a balance between protecting shareholders and preventing abuse and fraud poses a dilemma for judges. It is highlighted that courts are cautious when applying veil piercing and reserve it for cases with clear evidence of abuse or fraud. This ensures that most companies can operate with the confidence that shareholders will not be personally responsible for debts and obligations, which, in turn, promotes investment and economic growth. In summary, the disregard of the corporate veil is an important tool but is used sparingly in these jurisdictions to balance the interests of shareholders, the prevention of abuse, and the maintenance of a business-friendly environment for investment and entrepreneurship.
  • Ítem
    Análisis de la identidad de género en la infancia y adolescencia : casos de cambio de sexo en Colombia desde una perspectiva jurídica
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Contreras Rojas, Sofía; Rojas Osorio, Susana; Villa García, Luis Felipe
  • Ítem
    La incidencia del derecho al olvido como garante del derecho a la intimidad a partir de las fuentes jurídicas en Colombia
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Vergara Benítez, Ana Sofía; Salazar Lopera, Fabio Alberto
    In the different legislations of the world, the protection of the right to habeas data is regulated, which has within its scope the right to be forgotten or the right to be forgotten. In this regard, this right allows negative data to be present in a database only for a limited and specified period of time, in order to safeguard the right to privacy, good name and dignity of the data subject, in accordance with this, the impact of technological advances in the application of the right to be forgotten will be analyzed. Based on the foregoing, this document will focus on the study of Colombian jurisprudence, making comparisons with international regulations. Finally, it will be evident how the right to be forgotten can conflict with other fundamental rights, and in these cases the principles that conflict with each other must be weighed.
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