Maestría en Música (tesis)

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  • Ítem
    La ansiedad en los músicos : estímulos que la desencadenan y herramientas para manejarla. Un estudio de caso a partir de la experiencia de cinco estudiantes de piano de la Universidad Eafit
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2024) Betancur Vargas, Dayanna; Manco, Juan David
    This research article aims to reflect on the phenomenon of anxiety in musicians, understanding the stimuli that trigger it and suggesting some tools to manage it. For this purpose, a case study was conducted with five piano students from Universidad Eafit, to whom the Beck Anxiety Inventory was applied to measure anxiety levels, and a semi-structured interview was conducted to deepen in the stimuli and origin of anxiety. The results showed that 80% of the participants suffer from severe anxiety and that among the stimuli that trigger it are various experiences related to university life: classes, concerts, exams, etc. It is concluded that although anxiety is an issue present in many music students, it is an issue that is not very common in the classroom, therefore, at the end of the article some tools for its management are provided.
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    Concierto para congas solistas y orquesta sinfónica del compositor Carlos Medina : una propuesta interpretativa
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Rojas Vargas, Jhon Fredy; Lennis-Cortés, Laura Isabel
    From the musical analysis of the First Movement of the Concerto for Congas Soloists and Symphony Orchestra by composer Carlos Medina, this work presents a proposal for notation, interpretation, and execution for a multi-percussion work. The literature review includes a revision of congas' historical context and conceptual descriptions of multi-percussion, musical notation, and extended techniques. From this study, a discussion on the importance of incorporating popular music elements in the field of academic music is generated. This result nurtures a deeper understanding of musicians' identity who live and perform in Latin American contexts.
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    Violonchelo cantao; el violonchelo desde las músicas tradicionales a través de cuatro adaptaciones de melodías representativas del Caribe colombiano
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Quintero Benítez, Ángel de Jesús; Manco, Juan David
    The purpose of this article is to present four adaptations made for the cello around the traditional music of the Caribbean. This process began with the review of the approaches of different authors, who have spoken about the transcription, study and teaching of traditional music. Through these reflections it was possible to adapt the songs: Te olvidé, El pescador, Atlántico, and La gota fría. Where through various processes we explain the way in which these results were reached, and we conclude with some reflections on their contributions and possible challenges that may be found for future research.
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    Diseño de rutinas de calentamiento desde la exploración de dificultades específicas en el repertorio del violonchelo : una propuesta metodológica
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Cortés Mejía, Santiago; Tovar Henao, Felipe
    Every musician's daily practice should include a brief period of warming up in order to prepare for physical activity associated with musical practice. However, there are quite different ideas about what it means to warm up among performers, which causes confusion and challenges when developing and executing a warm-up scheme. Therefore, in order to develop a warm-up plan, it is first necessary to specify the types of exercises that should be included, keeping in mind that while there are some realities that apply to musicians in general, these routines may also vary depending on the essential technical aspects of each instrument and the unique characteristics of each player. On the other hand, the fact that there are existing publications whose goal is to offer specific exercises and routines should not be disregarded. However, these resources are not always free of charge, and the majority of them are only available in English, which makes them difficult for certain music students to obtain. This article aims to provide the reader with tools for the design of warm-up routines based on technical difficulties of the repertoire, all approached from the perspective of the cello interpretation.
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    Esquema de clasificación del repertorio para una orquesta de nivel intermedio a partir de la problemática de una orquesta en formación
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Alzate Cardona, Diego León; Tovar Henao, Felipe
    One of the challenges faced by directors of orchestral programs in education is the search for repertoire that works well for the ensemble. This has been a topic of discussion and reflection among directors, who seek different methodologies to make accurate choices in this regard. Colombia is a musical territory, and although the band ensemble is predominant, there has been noticeable growth in youth orchestras in the country. Over the past decade, orchestral educators and public and private institutions have been promoting various classification tools for assessing the levels of ensembles and their repertoire. However, there is a need to unify these tools so that our language converges under the same parameters. This article documents the process undertaken with the Rionegro Symphony Orchestra when selecting repertoire. Thanks to this, a tool is generated that encourages thinking about aspects specific to art, music, and education.
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    Repertorio pianístico del Caribe colombiano : gradación por competencias de aprendizaje
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Villa Thomas, María De La Luz; Tovar Henao, Felipe
    In the 20th century, numerous Colombian composers embraced the transformative trends that swept through Latin American music, particularly in the realm of piano music. This article specifically examines the analysis of piano pieces by composers from the Colombian Caribbean, with the aim of categorizing them. The objective is to perceive this endeavor as a progressive organizational process, duly acknowledging the educational commitments involved. Accordingly, I delve into the piano repertoire of this region, focusing on notable musicians such as Emirto De Lima, Ángel María Camacho y Cano, Adolfo Mejía, Pedro Biava, and Hans Neuman. Despite the existing publications, many of their compositions remain relatively inaccessible and have not been thoroughly scrutinized for potential inclusion in university piano curricula. Undertaking projects of this nature becomes imperative to foster the interpretation of these works among upcoming generations of pianists. Such initiatives contribute to the advancement of learning and piano training in Colombia, utilizing the national repertoire as a foundation. This article is divided into four sections: the first section presents the issue at hand; the subsequent section delves into the relevant research background; the third section encompasses the analysis and categorization of the works according to difficulty levels; and, finally, the article concludes by summarizing the findings and suggesting new avenues for future research.
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    Cuatro obras de Ignacio Gómez Vargas : una edición crítica
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Vargas Bonilla, Héctor Hernán; Lennis Cortés, Laura Isabel
    Writing a critical edition of four piano pieces composed by Ignacio Gómez Vargas is the purpose of this document. Tierra calarqueña, Marta Isabel, Mariela, and Corazón were the pieces selected to be edited. As a consequence of the pieces understanding, from their musical content and performance, the process of editing was addressed from a pianistic perspective. Grier’s method of music editing was used as the editor’s guide. The edition process was developed employing lessons by means of editorial description. Decisions were taken by conserving the original melody and harmony of the composition.
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    Técnicas de ensayo, el rol del director y la pandemia por Covid-19 : reflexiones de tres directores de orquesta
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Pico Ospina, Steven; Lennis Cortés, Laura Isabel
    The purpose of this article is to examine the perspectives of three Colombian conductors about their daily basis work, the importance of the repertoire, and the process of adapting rehearsal methodologies during the period of confinement due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Through interviews, participants reported their experiences. An inductive approach was used to analyze the data and four themes emerged as result of the analysis: the role of the conductor: towards the humanization of practice, verbal and non-verbal language as a means of communication in orchestra conducting, motivation as a cornerstone of ensemble practice, and the repertoire as a tool for the development of musical skills. Based on these themes, we reflect on the importance of the director as a guide of a musical group, and the learnings that resulted from the confinement of 2020.
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    Beneficios de la práctica coral : perspectivas de diez miembros del coro Ecco
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Guzmán Maestre, Benjamín Eduardo; Lennis Cortés, Laura Isabel
    The purpose of this work is to explore the benefits of group singing in a mixed chamber choir from the city of Valledupar (Colombia). Ten participants voluntarily answered a questionnaire with questions related to their experiences as choir members. Four themes resulted from the analysis of the participants’ answers. These themes allowed the reflection on group singing benefits: experiences and musical skills, learning and personal development, values and interpersonal relationships, and physical and mental well-being. Conclusions suggest that choral practice generates opportunities for musical, individual, and social improvement of the choir members.
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    Estrategias didácticas para el estudio de aspectos técnicos de la flauta desde el repertorio latinoamericano
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Pino Herrera, Estefanía; Tovar Henao, Felipe
    The process of musical formation in Colombia has been backed up, in the majority, for the model of central european conservatory. There are multiple facts that can justify the continuity of this model in the century XXI. The flute traverse has been inspiration for many composers throughout music history. This article begins with the motivation of know the existing repertoire in Latin America, equally with the purpose of addressing and articulating this repertoire to five tecnic aspects that are part of the daily study of the flute. For this, didactic strategies were applied to make possible not just approach this tecnic aspects with the selected musical fragments, but also make strategies and reflections possible to apply to other works that can contain the approach tecnic contexts.
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    Adaptación de tres melodías de la Cultura Wayûû : Mujer enamorada, Orgullo por el ganado y Traición de amor : diálogo entre dos culturas
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) De Armas Mindiola, Jalil Miguel; Araque Gil, Fernando Antonio
    Due to its special meanings, it is relevant to create new musical alternatives to highlight the artistic contributions of the music of the Wayûû culture, respecting the ethnographic elements in relation to customs, traditions, religion and race. The interest in researching this topic arises from the scarce promotion of Wayûû indigenous music outside the department of La Guajira. For this reason, it is intended to elaborate an adaptation of the Wayûû indigenous music for brass instruments. In the same way, to adapt aspects such as history, customs, sources of inspiration and musical instruments, in order to enrich the repertoire for the same instruments from the recognition of the cultural diversity of Colombia and the encouragement of the promotion of the cultural and musical richness of this community.
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    Seis composiciones de jazz en ritmos colombianos para formato de piano solo, trío y cuarteto
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Galeano Giraldo, Carlos David; Gil Araque, Fernando Antonio
    The article shows ways in which some elements of daily life are transformed into musical inspirations for the composition of six jazz pieces for piano solo, trio and quartet. This article also seeks to contribute to the redefinition of jazz in a local musical context with the creation of pieces based on traditional music rhythms from regions of Colombia, and two popular genres: the ballad and latin jazz. For this, a comprehensive compilation of musical tools and techniques to improve the way of improvising or composing on the piano suggested by Fred Hersch, and Bert Ligon is considered. Also, there is a collection of chords from transcriptions of audio fragments by Fred Hersch. Then, the compositional process and the musical analysis of each of the six pieces are described, from the conceptual elements that were a source of inspiration. Finally, the most important reflections and conclusions in this process of composition and study of jazz improvisation are shown.
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    Cuatro pasajes orquestales para clarinete piccolomás solicitados en audiciones : recomendaciones de interpretación y herramientas de preparación de audiciones
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Jiménez Murillo, Felipe; Manco, Juan David
    This article aims to provide technical, interpretative, and mental preparation tools for piccolo clarinet auditions, based on four of the most common solos in orchestra auditions for this instrument. To do this, information from recent auditions and books for this instrument was considered, as well as some interviews with teachers and professional performers of the instrument. The result of this article was a proposal for the interpretation of orchestral passages, a table of suggested fingerings or positions to help with intonation and ease of interpretation, as well as a proposal for mental preparation reading to improve results in auditions, concerts, and recitals. This work aims to contribute to a more serious study for clarinetists who plan to audition for piccolo clarinet positions in different orchestras and help with their mental preparation.
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    Gran Banda Drum & Bugle Corps (2003-2021) : una visión desde el testimonio de cinco entrevistados
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Fernández Lobo, Jonathan Steve; Gil Araque, Fernando Antonio
    This text is situated within the context of the music bands of Medellin during the first two decades of the 21st century, specifically narrating historical aspects of the formation, musical and social impact of the Gran Banda Drum and Buggle Corps, founded and directed by the lawyer and musician Robinson Zapata Velásquez. The study of its formation, impact, and influence is carried out based on oral testimonies from five key figures involved in the topic to be studied. The aim is to document Zapata's contributions and conceptually evaluate his influence on the diversification of the band scene in his city. Finally, this research pays tribute to Robinson, who died prematurely in 2021.
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    Catálogo descriptivo de la obra musical del compositor Leonel Cobaleda Zapata (1938)
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2022) Cuenca Cobaleda, Emanuel Alejandro; García de Castro, Federico
    This document compiles the work of the Colombian composer Leonel Cobaleda Zapata (Medellín Antioquia, 1938) and presents the first descriptive catalog as well as a general analysis about his musical writing, main artistic influences, and musical style. His work consists of several pieces written in Colombian Andean rhythms in different formats using instruments of the Colombian Andean trio and traverse flute.
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    La inercia tonal : estado de la cuestión de la música contemporánea en la educación musical
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2022) Ortega Ramírez, David; García de Castro, Federico
    The present state of the art compiles the main woks in Spanish language writings on contemporary music in the educational context, all of them developed in Spain, presenting the general situation in this topic. The main concern of these works is the absence of the contemporary repertoire in the educational processes, revealing in some way an outdatedness with respect to contemporary musical practices, also inquiring about the reason for this situation and how to emend it. Additionally, this relationship is discussed from the point of view of teachers, who are the first accountable in music education, and from the students. On the other hand, some examples are presented where this music has been implemented in classrooms, presenting themselves as positive cases of aesthetic openness in training, moving towards a development of attitude and critical sense above technical and specific skills of the tonal system.
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    Tres arreglos del bambuco “Cejeñita “ para marimba sinfónica
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2022) García Moreno, Miguel Antonio; García de Castro, Federico
    This work seeks to show three different ways to arrange andean colombian music for symphonic marimba.These arrangements were set by level of performance aiming to offer to different musicians the possibility of having an approach to this kind of repertoire and create therefore a bigger interest for this music, due to the lack of repertoire in the moment. Each arrangement has a series of performative considerations or suggestions which are focused mainly on harmonic and melodic accompaniment. The works will work as an example to those who might be interested in arranging or composing andean colombian music for symphonic marimba.
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    Orquesta Filarmónica de Cúcuta : propósito y propuesta de su filosofía y modelo de negocio
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2022) Hernández Suárez, Jaime; Lennis Cortés, Laura Isabel
    This work proposes the creation of the new Philharmonic Orchestra of Cúcuta as a means of inclusion and social development around symphonic music. The purpose of this paper comes from the need to generate individual and collective profits in promoting cultural spaces for the cohesion of the North-Santanderean citizens, employment possibilities for professional musicians, and the consolidation of music as an essential factor of community development. Organizational fundamentals are presented as the result of this work. Consequently, the institution's philosophy and business model are developed from understanding the new orchestra as a transformative tool for promoting individual and collective identity.
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