Maestría en Gobierno y Políticas Públicas (tesis)

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  • Ítem
    Participación del sector privado en la construcción de valor social en Medellín. Caso Proantioquia y sus estrategias de incidencia en la gestión pública
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Betancur Orlas, Sandra Carolina; Ramos Villa, María Eugenia
    This work addresses the question about the factors that contribute to the success of the private sector advocacy around public management taking Proantioquia and its work between 2006 and 2020 as a case study. The private sector has a main role in generating social development. It is an agent that affects development from a capital profitability perspective and the creation of public and social value. Some of the recommendations that result from this work have to do with the participation of the private sector in the creation of transformative projects with a long-term vision and articulated work.
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    Incorporación del erotismo en la política pública de sexualidad, derechos sexuales y reproductivos en Colombia 2014- 2021
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Mazo Chavarría, Adriana Patricia; Vieira Silva, Juan Guillermo; Herrera Posada, Daniela
    Human sexuality has always been a topic of general interest, construction, analysis and discussion; Eroticism, despite being an essential component of sexuality, has been less studied, analyzed, and therefore is trapped and overshadowed by the myths, beliefs and taboos of all societies. This degree work focuses on analyzing the incorporation and definition of eroticism in the public policy of sexuality, sexual and reproductive rights in Colombia 2014 - 2021. The study has a qualitative approach with an interpretive perspective with an exploratory - descriptive scope with primary and secondary sources. The information was collected through semi-structured interviews and focus groups; Tracing of documents, texts and physical and electronic investigations was used, which came close to the definition of eroticism and PP. It has been shown that eroticism is an essential part of the experience of sexuality and an integral component of the quality of life of human beings. However, existing public policies have placed greater emphasis on the prevention of unplanned pregnancies and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections, leaving aside the erotic dimension of sexuality. It is expected that the results of the research will be taken into account to strengthen and expand public policy on sexuality, sexual rights and reproductive rights in Colombia.
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    Consideraciones culturales y jurídicas para la formulación de políticas de equidad de género en el marco de las comunidades indígenas : el caso del Valle de Sibundoy
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) López Ortega, Jesús Alberto; Ramírez Brouchoud, María Fernanda
    Public gender equity policies in Colombia have not fully taken into account the needs and sociopolitical contexts of the indigenous communities that inhabit Colombian territory, especially the Inga and Kamëntsá communities of the Sibundoy Valley. There have been cases of violence against indigenous women that have gone unpunished, due to negligence, ignorance and lack of coordination between the ordinary and special jurisdiction. In this sense, this research project establishes the relevant cultural and legal considerations for the formulation of gender equity policies within the framework of indigenous communities. In addition, this research uses the concepts of normative multiculturalism, intersectionality and imbrication as starting points for the analysis of the perspectives of the Inga and Kamëntsá communities of the Sibundoy Valley, the legal framework and statistics relevant to gender equality in indigenous communities.
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    Innovación para el monitoreo y seguimiento estratégico de los planes de desarrollo municipales
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Vásquez Hincapié, Juan Martín; Ramos Villa, María Eugenia
    SUMMARY One of the main challenges that the municipalities face today in Colombia, is the consolidation of administrative and strategic processes that should help ensure excellent public management. To achieve this, it is necessary to implement comprehensive actions for monitoring, tracking, and evaluation in administrative, fiscal, and operational variables, as well as in planning instruments. However, this goal is hindered by a shortage of financial resources and technological equipment, as well as a lack of trained professionals to conduct real-time and short-term monitoring, tracking, and evaluation of Development Plans, the primary instrument for realizing public management. Furthermore, the limited support from the National Planning Department (DNP) complicates the structuring and compliance of a local methodological route that enables reliable and timely decision-making since, although tools such as the Territorial Planning Kit (https://portalterritorial.dnp.gov.co/kpt/) exist to facilitate the formulation and monitoring of the Development Plan, they are not in real-time, and therefore decisions are not always timely or the most accurate. In this context, this document proposes the use of a data analysis tool (Power BI) to enhance the strategic monitoring, tracking, and evaluation of the Development Plan in territorial entities, with the premise that it facilitates the process and allows the analysis of results in a short period, ensuring that the decisions derived from the analysis are relevant and, above all, timely. This approach aims to address the problems associated with insufficient and untimely measurement of various indicators related to development plans, such as Outcome and Output indicators. With this proposal, the aim is to strengthen municipalities' capacity to implement sustainable development and improve the quality of life for their residents. By adopting advanced technologies and a robust methodology, it will facilitate informed decision-making and promote transparency in public management.
  • Ítem
    El paso del new public management hacia la medición de desempeño en gobiernos locales
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Gil Franco, Daniela; Pinzón Villa, Mariana; Agudelo, Luis Fernando
  • Ítem
    El control fiscal preventivo y concomitante : cambios y desafíos para combatir la corrupción en Colombia
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Espinosa Ojeda, Laura Valeria; Osorno Sánchez, Lucy Yaneth; Chacón Barrero, Mario Leonardo
    The preventive and concomitant fiscal control is added to the subsequent and selective one due to Legislative Act 04 of 2019. With this, several transformations in terms of fiscal control were presented in the country, and academic studies related to the phenomenon of corruption; However, the argumentative provisions differ in many aspects regarding what is understood by corruption and regarding what is presented about the actions corresponding to the new fiscal control. Therefore, this article presents a bibliometric review of academic articles that discuss tax control or review since the change presented in 2019. Taking a specific period of time (2019- 2022), the research realize about a selectivity in the form of exposition of the current fiscal control that can be evidenced in the academic studies and publications found during the years chosen for the investigation.
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    Las palabras importan : análisis de declaraciones de funcionarios públicos y la previsibilidad de sus consecuencias
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Palacio López, Susana; Osorio López, Nicolás; Restrepo Echavarría, Néstor Julián
  • Ítem
    Propuesta de visión prospectiva sobre nuevas herramientas para la equidad socioeconómica de operaciones de transporte público : caso Medellín y Valle de Aburrá
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Gómez González, Juan Camilo; Cadena Gaitán, Carlos
    This proposal discusses the implementation of a public policy aimed at achieving socio-economic equity in public transportation operations as a means to enhance territorial productivity. The policy recognizes the importance of promoting collective public transportation solutions and the rights of these groups as fundamental contributors to the district's productivity. It emphasizes the need for good business practices in complying with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, which may result in tax discounts for public transportation companies. The criteria for applying the policy will be based on a model of socio-economic equity in transportation operations, which may be subject to evaluation and modification during the regulation process. The proposal also highlights the importance of disseminating information about the benefits of the policy to all stakeholders involved in public transportation.
  • Ítem
    Cuando la estabilidad no es suficiente : causas de renuncias de funcionarios a la Gobernación de Antioquia (convocatoria 429/2016)
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Chamorro Caldera, Venu Karidy; Ramírez Brouchoud, María Fernanda
    This thesis investigates the reasons for the resignation of officials who entered the Antioquia Governor's Office through call 429 of 2016, and which of them are related to the operation of the entity, in order to make recommendations. to avoid the loss of human talent, which by definition is more qualified to carry out the position.
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    ¿Qué priorizan las mujeres en el Congreso? : análisis de la agenda legislativa de las mujeres congresistas en Colombia (1994-2018)
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Arroyo Jaramillo, Darwin Elías; Royero Feria, Laura Estela; Vieira Silva, Juan Guillermo
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    Mecanismo de atención para la violencia contra las mujeres : un estudio de caso de la línea 123 Mujer Metropolitana 2020-2023
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) López Zuluaga, Leidy Johana; Franco Agudelo, Camilo; Peláez Arango, Juan Rafael
    A case study is carried out on Line 123 Metropolitan Woman 2020-2024, as an instrument of the Government of Antioquia that responds to violence against women, the way in which the attention to cases of violence against women materializes. women and how is the articulated work of the different state entities. Its operation is analyzed, its weaknesses are described and finally, a proposal for its continuous improvement from prevention will be presented. The effects of the hotline as a mechanism that confronts the problem of violence against women and its achievements to reduce the figures of femicide in Antioquia, and its achievement so that women feel supported by the departmental authority are exposed. The history and sociology of violence against women in the Department of Antioquia is exposed, the types of violence against women and figures are analyzed, and it is described what access to justice is like for women in situations of violence. Finally, through a qualitative method, with the instruments of surveys and interviews, the findings were obtained -it stands out that there is a high rate of impunity in Colombia, it managed to make visible the systematic and rewarded violence that exists in Antioquia, it is an important tool within judicial processes.
  • Ítem
    El factor local en la dinámica de las agendas políticas municipales en Colombia : un análisis comparado entre el municipio de Itagüí y el municipio de Rionegro
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Giraldo Rodríguez, Diego Alejandro; Ospina Garzón, Cristian Norbey; Vieira Silva, Juan Guillermo
  • Ítem
    Informalidad en Girardota : una aproximación al problema público
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Murillo Agudelo, Juan David; Gutiérrez Martínez, José Alonso; Garay Molina, Natalia María
    The phenomenon of informality is growing in the context of Latin American economies, a dynamic to which Colombia and Antioquia are no strangers. Its importance is such that this research work investigates informality in the municipality of Girardota, department of Antioquia. In this sense, some of its most important causes and effects are established, which allows an approximate understanding of the complexity of this problem in this territory. Therefore, the main objective is to lay the foundations for the formulation of the public problem regarding the effects of informality on households in this municipality. To achieve this purpose, field work was carried out with four focus groups with people from the "Redes Solidarias" (Solidarity Networks) program in this locality., from which relevant information is extracted for the understanding of this problem, which in turn allows for an effective response to the phenomenon studied and makes it possible for people who carry out their economic activities informally to find instruments to formalise their productive projects.
  • Ítem
    ¿Cómo aumentar la participación ciudadana en los procesos de rendición de cuentas en los municipios de Guarne y El Santuario - Antioquia?
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Giraldo Ochoa, Astrid Biviana; Lopera Tobón, Carolina
    This document addresses the problem of low citizen participation in public meetings regarding the use of public funds for The Municipalities of Guarne and El Santuario, located in Oriente Antioqueño. It documents the current state of these meetings (low participation) and proposes alternate solutions based on feedback from semi-structured interviews with the three main actors of these two localities: (1) representatives of civil society, (2) members of municipal cabinets and (3) councilors. In this sense, this work aims to better understand the issues and propose strategies to adequately intervene in them, seeking to increase citizen participation in these public meetings which could be used in other similar municipalities.
  • Ítem
    Propuesta para modificar la Ley 131 de 1994, estableciendo un marco normativo a los programas de gobierno y su método de control
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2023) Muñoz Ocampo, Rodrigo José; Álvarez Méndez, Juan Fernando; Ramos Villa, María Eugenia
    Since the Political Constitution of 1991 began to apply throughout the national territory more than three decades ago, the article 259 incorporates an essential instrument to consolidate participatory democracy through programmatic voting, a constitutional mandate that would later be regulated by law 131 of 1994 and determined the structure and functionality of the Government Plan, and made it mandatory when the aforementioned Law defined its presentation to the Registrar's Office at the time of inscription of the candidate; however, without being an instrument of territorial planning and considering that the Supreme Constitutional Court through file No. P.E.-001, declared the article 4 unenforceable, which somehow intended that government plan had a minimum content and so the candidates would be committed to achieve certain goals and objectives, as was proposed in article 8, also declared unenforceable,. it is worth asking ourselves today if ¿is it not necessary to raise this discussion again? According to the analysis of the data in this work, it is clear for us that many of the aspirants to mayors and governorships give little importance to the technical structure of their Government Plan and the proposals that they are going to include in their respective programs, regardless of the fact that the Government through the DNP, publishes, every four years a series of guides proposing minimum contents that would help to have a real programmatic vote. This work analyzed two municipal government plans with characteristics of acceptable living conditions for their inhabitants and a growing level of development; through the analysis we were also able to evidence the contrast of building proposals with high technical content obeying the needs of the territory and its impacts to achieve better living conditions for its citizens, articulated in the way of programs and projects that easily made part of the Municipal Development Plan, compared to other proposals without the slightest technical content and without considering sources or official data as a starting point to feed these proposals, all this going against the quality of the programs and therefore the objective of the programmatic vote. Finally, based on the analysis of the data, we formulate some conclusions and recommendations so that the legislature takes them into consideration for a possible reform of Law 131 of 1994. Keywords: Government program, programmatic vote, Political Constitution, Development Plan, Law 131, Supreme Constitutional Court, unenforceable, technical content, Mayor's Office, Government, legislative
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