### Examinando por Autor "Acosta, D.A."

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Ítem Control of emissions in an internal combustion engine: first approach for sustainable design(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-08-01) Amaya, A.F.D.; Torres, A.G.D.; Acosta, D.A.; Amaya, A.F.D.; Torres, A.G.D.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Procesos Ambientales (GIPAB)Más... A mathematical model of emissions was developed in a Twingo D7F engine. The effects of variations in compression ratio, fuel/air equivalence ratio, spark advanced and combustion duration under pollutant emissions were studied. Analysis and data collection were performed in an engine bank using a data acquisition system integrated to an Interactive Engineering Environment. A control strategy was implemented to guarantee emissions reduction.Más... Ítem Control of emissions in an internal combustion engine: first approach for sustainable design(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-08-01) Amaya, A.F.D.; Torres, A.G.D.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Desarrollo y Diseño de ProcesosMás... A mathematical model of emissions was developed in a Twingo D7F engine. The effects of variations in compression ratio, fuel/air equivalence ratio, spark advanced and combustion duration under pollutant emissions were studied. Analysis and data collection were performed in an engine bank using a data acquisition system integrated to an Interactive Engineering Environment. A control strategy was implemented to guarantee emissions reduction.Más... Ítem Control of emissions in an internal combustion engine: first approach for sustainable design(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-08-01) Amaya, A.F.D.; Torres, A.G.D.; Acosta, D.A.; Amaya, A.F.D.; Torres, A.G.D.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Producción; Ingeniería, Energía, Exergía y Sostenibilidad (IEXS)Más... A mathematical model of emissions was developed in a Twingo D7F engine. The effects of variations in compression ratio, fuel/air equivalence ratio, spark advanced and combustion duration under pollutant emissions were studied. Analysis and data collection were performed in an engine bank using a data acquisition system integrated to an Interactive Engineering Environment. A control strategy was implemented to guarantee emissions reduction.Más... Ítem Design of computer experiments applied to modeling compliant mechanisms(DELFT UNIV TECHNOLOGY, FAC INDUST DESIGN ENG, 2010-01-01) Arango, D.R.; Acosta, D.A.; Durango, S.; Ruiz, O.E.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Desarrollo y Diseño de ProcesosMás... This article discusses a procedure for force-displacement modeling compliant mechanisms by using a design of computer experiments methodology. This approach produces a force-displacement metamodel that is suited for real-time control of compliant mechanisms. The term metamodel is used to represent a simplified and efficient mathematical model of unknown phenomenon or computer codes. The metamodeling of compliant mechanisms is performed from virtual experiments based on factorial and space filling design of experiments. The procedure is used to modeling the quasi-static behavior of the HexFlex compliant mechanism. The HexFlex is a parallel compliant mechanism for nanomanipulating that allows six degrees of freedom of its moving stage. The metamodel of the HexFlex is performed from virtual experiments by the Finite Element Method (FEM). The obtained metamodel for the HexFlex is linear for the movement range of the mechanism. Simulations of the metamodel were conducted, finding good accuracy with respect to the virtual experiments. © Organizing Committee of TMCE 2010 Symposium.Más... Ítem Design of computer experiments applied to modeling compliant mechanisms(DELFT UNIV TECHNOLOGY, FAC INDUST DESIGN ENG, 2010-01-01) Arango, D.R.; Acosta, D.A.; Durango, S.; Ruiz, O.E.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica; Laboratorio CAD/CAM/CAEMás... This article discusses a procedure for force-displacement modeling compliant mechanisms by using a design of computer experiments methodology. This approach produces a force-displacement metamodel that is suited for real-time control of compliant mechanisms. The term metamodel is used to represent a simplified and efficient mathematical model of unknown phenomenon or computer codes. The metamodeling of compliant mechanisms is performed from virtual experiments based on factorial and space filling design of experiments. The procedure is used to modeling the quasi-static behavior of the HexFlex compliant mechanism. The HexFlex is a parallel compliant mechanism for nanomanipulating that allows six degrees of freedom of its moving stage. The metamodel of the HexFlex is performed from virtual experiments by the Finite Element Method (FEM). The obtained metamodel for the HexFlex is linear for the movement range of the mechanism. Simulations of the metamodel were conducted, finding good accuracy with respect to the virtual experiments. © Organizing Committee of TMCE 2010 Symposium.Más... Ítem Geodesic-based manifold learning for parameterization of triangular meshes(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-11-01) Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica; Laboratorio CAD/CAM/CAEMás... Reverse Engineering (RE) requires representing with free forms (NURBS, Spline, B,zier) a real surface which has been point-sampled. To serve this purpose, we have implemented an algorithm that minimizes the accumulated distance between the free form and the (noisy) point sample. We use a dual-distance calculation point to / from surfaces, which discourages the forming of outliers and artifacts. This algorithm seeks a minimum in a function that represents the fitting error, by using as tuning variable the control polyhedron for the free form. The topology (rows, columns) and geometry of the control polyhedron are determined by alternative geodesic-based dimensionality reduction methods: (a) graph-approximated geodesics (Isomap), or (b) PL orthogonal geodesic grids. We assume the existence of a triangular mesh of the point sample (a reasonable expectation in current RE). A bijective composition mapping allows to estimate a size of the control polyhedrons favorable to uniform-speed parameterizations. Our results show that orthogonal geodesic grids is a direct and intuitive parameterization method, which requires more exploration for irregular triangle meshes. Isomap gives a usable initial parameterization whenever the graph approximation of geodesics on be faithful. These initial guesses, in turn, produce efficient free form optimization processes with minimal errors. Future work is required in further exploiting the usual triangular mesh underlying the point sample for (a) enhancing the segmentation of the point set into faces, and (b) using a more accurate approximation of the geodesic distances within , which would benefit its dimensionality reduction.Más... Ítem Geodesic-based manifold learning for parameterization of triangular meshes(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-11-01) Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ciencias; Matemáticas y AplicacionesMás... Reverse Engineering (RE) requires representing with free forms (NURBS, Spline, B,zier) a real surface which has been point-sampled. To serve this purpose, we have implemented an algorithm that minimizes the accumulated distance between the free form and the (noisy) point sample. We use a dual-distance calculation point to / from surfaces, which discourages the forming of outliers and artifacts. This algorithm seeks a minimum in a function that represents the fitting error, by using as tuning variable the control polyhedron for the free form. The topology (rows, columns) and geometry of the control polyhedron are determined by alternative geodesic-based dimensionality reduction methods: (a) graph-approximated geodesics (Isomap), or (b) PL orthogonal geodesic grids. We assume the existence of a triangular mesh of the point sample (a reasonable expectation in current RE). A bijective composition mapping allows to estimate a size of the control polyhedrons favorable to uniform-speed parameterizations. Our results show that orthogonal geodesic grids is a direct and intuitive parameterization method, which requires more exploration for irregular triangle meshes. Isomap gives a usable initial parameterization whenever the graph approximation of geodesics on be faithful. These initial guesses, in turn, produce efficient free form optimization processes with minimal errors. Future work is required in further exploiting the usual triangular mesh underlying the point sample for (a) enhancing the segmentation of the point set into faces, and (b) using a more accurate approximation of the geodesic distances within , which would benefit its dimensionality reduction.Más... Ítem Geodesic-based manifold learning for parameterization of triangular meshes(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-11-01) Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Procesos Ambientales (GIPAB)Más... Reverse Engineering (RE) requires representing with free forms (NURBS, Spline, B,zier) a real surface which has been point-sampled. To serve this purpose, we have implemented an algorithm that minimizes the accumulated distance between the free form and the (noisy) point sample. We use a dual-distance calculation point to / from surfaces, which discourages the forming of outliers and artifacts. This algorithm seeks a minimum in a function that represents the fitting error, by using as tuning variable the control polyhedron for the free form. The topology (rows, columns) and geometry of the control polyhedron are determined by alternative geodesic-based dimensionality reduction methods: (a) graph-approximated geodesics (Isomap), or (b) PL orthogonal geodesic grids. We assume the existence of a triangular mesh of the point sample (a reasonable expectation in current RE). A bijective composition mapping allows to estimate a size of the control polyhedrons favorable to uniform-speed parameterizations. Our results show that orthogonal geodesic grids is a direct and intuitive parameterization method, which requires more exploration for irregular triangle meshes. Isomap gives a usable initial parameterization whenever the graph approximation of geodesics on be faithful. These initial guesses, in turn, produce efficient free form optimization processes with minimal errors. Future work is required in further exploiting the usual triangular mesh underlying the point sample for (a) enhancing the segmentation of the point set into faces, and (b) using a more accurate approximation of the geodesic distances within , which would benefit its dimensionality reduction.Más... Ítem Geodesic-based manifold learning for parameterization of triangular meshes(Springer-Verlag France, 2016-11-01) Acosta, D.A.; Ruiz, O.E.; Arroyave, S.; Ebratt, R.; Cadavid, C.; Londono, J.J.; Acosta, Diego A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Desarrollo y Diseño de ProcesosMás... Más... Ítem Parametric curve reconstruction from point clouds using minimization techniques(2013-01-01) Ruiz, O.E.; Cortés, C.; Aristizábal, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Vanegas, C.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Desarrollo y Diseño de ProcesosMás... Curve reconstruction from noisy point samples is central to surface reconstruction and therefore to reverse engineering, medical imaging, etc. Although Piecewise Linear (PL) curve reconstruction plays an important role, smooth (C1-, C2-,?) curves are needed for many applications. In reconstruction of parametric curves from noisy point samples there remain unsolved issues such as (1) high computational expenses, (2) presence of artifacts and outlier curls, (3) erratic behavior of self-intersecting curves, and (4) erratic excursions at sharp corners. Some of these issues are related to non-Nyquist (i.e. sparse) samples. In response to these shortcomings, this article reports the minimization-based fitting of parametric curves for noisy point clouds. Our approach features: (a) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) pre-processing to obtain a topologically correct approximation of the sampled curve. (b) Numerical, instead of algebraic, calculation of roots in point-to-curve distances. (c) Penalties for curve excursions by using point cloud to - curve and curve to point cloud. (d) Objective functions which are economic to minimize. The implemented algorithms successfully deal with self - intersecting and / or non-Nyquist samples. Ongoing research includes self-tuning of the algorithms and decimation of the point cloud and the control polygon.Más... Ítem Parametric curve reconstruction from point clouds using minimization techniques(2013-01-01) Ruiz, O.E.; Cortés, C.; Aristizábal, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Vanegas, C.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica; Laboratorio CAD/CAM/CAEMás... Curve reconstruction from noisy point samples is central to surface reconstruction and therefore to reverse engineering, medical imaging, etc. Although Piecewise Linear (PL) curve reconstruction plays an important role, smooth (C1-, C2-,?) curves are needed for many applications. In reconstruction of parametric curves from noisy point samples there remain unsolved issues such as (1) high computational expenses, (2) presence of artifacts and outlier curls, (3) erratic behavior of self-intersecting curves, and (4) erratic excursions at sharp corners. Some of these issues are related to non-Nyquist (i.e. sparse) samples. In response to these shortcomings, this article reports the minimization-based fitting of parametric curves for noisy point clouds. Our approach features: (a) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) pre-processing to obtain a topologically correct approximation of the sampled curve. (b) Numerical, instead of algebraic, calculation of roots in point-to-curve distances. (c) Penalties for curve excursions by using point cloud to - curve and curve to point cloud. (d) Objective functions which are economic to minimize. The implemented algorithms successfully deal with self - intersecting and / or non-Nyquist samples. Ongoing research includes self-tuning of the algorithms and decimation of the point cloud and the control polygon.Más... Ítem Water-based adhesive formulations for rubber to metal bonding developed by statistical design of experiments(Elsevier Ltd, 2017-03-01) Lasprilla-Botero, J.; Álvarez-Láinez, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Desarrollo y Diseño de ProcesosMás... Waterborne adhesives for rubber to metal bonding have been available since 1990. However, published information about their formulation has been limited, as proprietary restrictions are exercised by companies. As a consequence, the way these adhesives interact with substrates has not been studied extensively. With the aim of investigating the effect the components of a waterborne adhesive have on rubber to metal bonding, fractional factorial and surface response methodologies of design of experiments were employed in this study. Twenty six formulations were prepared with a polychloroprene latex as the adhesive polymer. Viscosity, wettability and non-volatile solids content were measured with each liquid adhesive, while the mechanical strength was evaluated by applying a tensile mechanical stress over cured solid adhesive films. Adhesion properties were evaluated by using a single lap-shear test on metal to metal joints and a pull-out test on rubber to metal joints. The results showed that the components with the largest relative influence on cohesive and adhesives forces were tackifier resin, silicon dioxide and polychloroprene latex type. In order to better understand the contributions of these variables, mathematical models correlating them with the response variables were obtained. This study is valuable in explaining how, through statistical methods, a waterborne adhesive for rubber to metal bonding can be formulated with a reasonably low number of experiments. © 2016 Elsevier LtdMás... Ítem Water-based adhesive formulations for rubber to metal bonding developed by statistical design of experiments(Elsevier Ltd, 2017-03-01) Lasprilla-Botero, J.; Álvarez-Láinez, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Lasprilla-Botero, J.; Álvarez-Láinez, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Procesos; Procesos Ambientales (GIPAB)Más... Waterborne adhesives for rubber to metal bonding have been available since 1990. However, published information about their formulation has been limited, as proprietary restrictions are exercised by companies. As a consequence, the way these adhesives interact with substrates has not been studied extensively. With the aim of investigating the effect the components of a waterborne adhesive have on rubber to metal bonding, fractional factorial and surface response methodologies of design of experiments were employed in this study. Twenty six formulations were prepared with a polychloroprene latex as the adhesive polymer. Viscosity, wettability and non-volatile solids content were measured with each liquid adhesive, while the mechanical strength was evaluated by applying a tensile mechanical stress over cured solid adhesive films. Adhesion properties were evaluated by using a single lap-shear test on metal to metal joints and a pull-out test on rubber to metal joints. The results showed that the components with the largest relative influence on cohesive and adhesives forces were tackifier resin, silicon dioxide and polychloroprene latex type. In order to better understand the contributions of these variables, mathematical models correlating them with the response variables were obtained. This study is valuable in explaining how, through statistical methods, a waterborne adhesive for rubber to metal bonding can be formulated with a reasonably low number of experiments. © 2016 Elsevier LtdMás... Ítem Water-based adhesive formulations for rubber to metal bonding developed by statistical design of experiments(Elsevier Ltd, 2017-03-01) Lasprilla-Botero, J.; Álvarez-Láinez, M.; Acosta, D.A.; Universidad EAFIT. Departamento de Ingeniería de Diseño; Ingeniería de Diseño (GRID)Más... Waterborne adhesives for rubber to metal bonding have been available since 1990. However, published information about their formulation has been limited, as proprietary restrictions are exercised by companies. As a consequence, the way these adhesives interact with substrates has not been studied extensively. With the aim of investigating the effect the components of a waterborne adhesive have on rubber to metal bonding, fractional factorial and surface response methodologies of design of experiments were employed in this study. Twenty six formulations were prepared with a polychloroprene latex as the adhesive polymer. Viscosity, wettability and non-volatile solids content were measured with each liquid adhesive, while the mechanical strength was evaluated by applying a tensile mechanical stress over cured solid adhesive films. Adhesion properties were evaluated by using a single lap-shear test on metal to metal joints and a pull-out test on rubber to metal joints. The results showed that the components with the largest relative influence on cohesive and adhesives forces were tackifier resin, silicon dioxide and polychloroprene latex type. In order to better understand the contributions of these variables, mathematical models correlating them with the response variables were obtained. This study is valuable in explaining how, through statistical methods, a waterborne adhesive for rubber to metal bonding can be formulated with a reasonably low number of experiments. © 2016 Elsevier LtdMás...