Ampliando las opciones en el mercado laboral: el presente y el futuro de la educación vocacional y técnica en Colombia



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Universidad EAFIT


This work makes a diagnosis of the way in which the regulation of Vocational and Technical Education in Colombia is organized and its relationship with some structural problems of the Colombian labor market. EVT is understood as the set of programs that lead to formally recognized certifications or titles and whose objective is to train workers in skills demanded by the productive sector. In Colombia, this corresponds to the one- to three-year programs offered in Higher Education Institutions (IES), Education Institutions for Work and Human Development (IETDH) and SENA. The relevant qualifications for this study are technological, professional technicians and labor technicians. Although SENA does not use the term technical labor for its titled offer and only uses the term technical, the two types of programs are equivalent, which is why both are called technical labor in the document. On the other hand, this work does not take into account the long-cycle training (four years or more) that is part of Higher Education. The three programs we refer to offer training opportunities to a significant number of Colombians. Altogether, the entire offer of long and short cycles in 2018 had an enrollment of 2.6 million people, with 40% corresponding to EVT programs.
Reporte de investigación sobre la educación vocacional y técnica (formación para el trabajo) en Colombia para la Misión de Empleo (Ministerio del Trabajo y Departamento Nacional de Planeación).


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