Gobernar, Vol. 05, Núm. 09 (2021)

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  • Ítem
    If others distance themselves: collective action, trust and social norms for mutual caring in times of COVID-19
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2021-12) Chinkousky, María Antonia; Pérez, Ricardo; Silva Jaramillo, Santiago; Universidad EAFIT; Universidad EAFIT; Universidad EAFIT
    This article reviews the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic through the light of social norms and prosociality. For this, the authors briefly approach the snowball methodology to analyse a series of experiences and interventions of both public and private actors that encouraged prosocial behaviour to avoid massive infections in the population in 2020, or the earliest stage if the pandemic. The results of this studies are shown as recommendations for policy makers and others interested in applying this type of tools for public health crises. The article ends compiling the insights of past cases, adding the authors own thoughts over the information that was found.
  • Ítem
    Sports policy in the face of forced recruitment
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2021-12) Puerta Alcaraz, Noreida; Universidad EAFIT
    This work aims to analyze the management of sport as a prevention alternative for the forced recruitment of minors in the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley (Colombia) and its reinvention in the context of Covid-19. However, although this is a problem affecting the 10 municipalities that make up it, there is a lack of coordination and articulation of sports policy at the metropolitan level for intervention from the intermunicipal level. The research used a qualitative approach under the method of informed theory, the understanding of which was made through the technique of documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews systematized in a matrix of documentary analysis. The results yielded low administrative capacities of public authorities of municipal sport, fragmentation of local governance and recently managed scenarios for the metropolitan articulation and coordination of sports policy. It is concluded that there is an invisibilization of the sport sector as an instrument for the prevention of forced recruitment of minors from the gaze of municipal and inter-municipal security and coexistence agencies, lack of local synergy for the coordination of joint purposes and the G10 and the Bureau of Coordinators of the southern area are presented as recent scenarios of metropolitan governance under the context of covid-19.
  • Ítem
    Social protection to Childhood towards the Covid-19 pandemic. Policy and institutional implications of the government response from Mexico City
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2021-12) Culebro, Jorge E.; Hernández, Janeth; Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Cuajimalpa; Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Cuajimalpa
    The purpose of the case study is to analyze the response of the government of Mexico City to the crisis derived from COVID-19 and in particular the way it has affected the social protection of children in Mexico during the first months of the pandemic. Regulatory institutional design of social protection for children in Mexico, and particularly in Mexico City, is analyzed, as well as the activities of the government of Mexico City to reduce the impact of the crisis on children. Theoretically and methodologically the article follows the qualitative case study strategy supported by the literature on crisis management and institutional analysis. One of the main findings is found in the existence of regulatory mechanisms and programs from the international to the local level, as well as the weaknesses in the social protection mechanisms against COVID-19; Furthermore, the practical implications are found both in the generation of new lines of research and in the coordination mechanisms between the levels of government.
  • Ítem
    Initial responses to COVID-19 by four Central American governments
    (Universidad EAFIT, 2021-12) Díaz-González, José Andrés
    The article reviews the initial responses to the Covid-19 pandemic of Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Panama. Using official documents, the characteristics of the responses that these governments execute during the first semester of 2020 are identified and compared. It is concluded that, although governments mainly develop biosafety measures, there are differences in the strategies adopted, possibly motivated by the prevailing social, political, and economic characteristics in those countries. The governments of these countries seem to be influenced to follow the recommendations issued by international organizations by the lack of information about the COVID-19 pandemic, without interest to review these measures according to the characteristics of their countries.