Determination of the technical state of suspension elements based on the OMA-LSCE method



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Collegio Ingegneri Ferroviari Italiani


A study is established regarding the behavior of the vehicle under the influence of the damping elements, proposing a methodology for the validation of the technical state of the dampers through the registration of dynamic variables under commercial operating conditions of the vehicle, by applying the Operational Modal Analysis COMA) technique via Least-Square Complex Exponential (LSCE) method to experimental tests and numeric simulations to a multi-body system (MBS) model. The OMA-LSCE method is applied to the signals acquired during a test performed on a passenger of a three- car unit in typical commercial travel operation. From the signals in time domain of each section of the segment, the respective discrete function PSD is calculated. Once the model is defined, a set of numeric simulation is executed according to the design of the experiment. The results of the numeric simulations show that the natural frequency generates a lineal regressive model with correlation coefficient values.


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Correlation coefficient, Damping element, Design of the experiment, Discrete functions, Dynamic variables, Experimental test, Least squares, Multi-body system model, Numeric simulation, Operating condition, Operational modal analysis, Technical state, Time domain, Computer simulation, Modal analysis, Numerical models, Time domain analysis, Commercial vehicles