TRATAMIENTO DE AGUAS RESIDUALES DE LA INDUSTRIA TEXTIL MEDIANTE COAGULACION QUIMICA ACOPLADA A PROCESOS FENTON INTENSIFICADOS CON ULTRASONIDO DE BAJA FRECUENCIA
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Centro de Ciencias de la Atmosfera, UNAM
The present study evaluates the sequential treatment of chemical coagulation (CC) followed by the advanced oxidation process (AOP) of Fenton (H2O2/Fe2+) or photoFenton (UV/H2O2/Fe2+) intensified by low frequency ultrasound. Optimization of the pretreatment step through CC by jar test showed that an optimal coagulant (Al-2[SO4](3)) dose of 800 mg/L removed 99 % of turbidity and 53 % of the chemical oxygen demand (COD). The resulting supernatant is used for the AOP evaluation. The statistical analysis of a Box-Behnken response surface design showed that optimal conditions to carry out the US/H2O2/Fe2+ process are: 1 mM de Fe2+, 14 mM de H2O2 and pH 3. Under these conditions the CC coupled to the US/H2O2/Fe2+ process removes 82 % of the COD of the supernatant while the US/UV/H2O2/Fe2+ process eliminates 95 % after 90 min of reaction. The use of ultrasound waves inducing an increase of 10 % in the process efficiency. The mineralization of pollutants during treatment as well as the H2O2 consumption were monitored.
avanced oxidation process, sonochemistry, ultrasound, Box-Behnken, optimization