Trayectorias óptimas de inversión durante el ciclo de vida en un sistema de multifondos
Soto Quintero, Carlos Alberto
Arboleda Bedoya, Alejandra
Gutiérrez Betancur, Juan Carlos
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Taking into account the new Colombian multi-funds scheme of the Individual Benefits Plan, an analysis was made through the application of stochastic and actuarial tools with the purpose of determining the moment in which an agent (according to their social characteristics: sex, income expectation, moment they begin to pay contributions, contribution probability) must transfer its retirement account into the different offered portfolios. Considering the profitability and the risk as key elements the agents want to assume, it is generally observable that they must remain a great percentage of their working lives in the high-risk investment fund to achieve a greater financial capital accumulation and a greater probability to attain a reasonable replacement rate. In general, it is established that men should transfer from their retirement account of high-risk investment fund to the medium-risk investment fund when they turn 40 if they wish to obtain a greater probability of achieving a 50% replacement. To achieve a replacement rate between 60% and 70% it should be transferred after they turn 50. For women, retirement conditions are more difficult than for men, due to the fact that in order to obtain replacement rates higher than 60% they should remain their entire working lives in the high-risk investment fund.