Scale-up from shake flasks to pilot-scale production of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense for preparing a liquid inoculant formulation
Trujillo Roldán, Mauricio Alberto
Blancas Cabrera, Abel
Gamboa Suasnavart, Ramsés Adolfo
García Cabrera, Ramsés I.
Acevedo Sánchez, Eduardo V.
Valdez Cruz, Norma Adriana
González Monterrubio, César Fernando
Martínez Salinas, Carlos
Marín Palacio, Luz Deisy
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Azospirillum brasilense has industrial significance as a growth promoter in plants of commercial interest -- However, there is no report in the literature disclosing a liquid product produced in pilot-scale bioreactors and is able to be stored at room temperature for more than 2 years -- The aim of this work was to scale up a process from a shake flask to a 10- L lab-scale and 1,000-L pilot-scale bioreactor for the production of plant growth-promoting bacterium A -- brasilense for a liquid inoculant formulation -- Furthermore, this work aimed to determine the shelf life of the liquid formulation stored at room temperature and to increase maize crops yield in greenhouses -- Under a constant oxygen mass transfer coefficient (KLa), a fermentation process was successfully scaled up from shake flasks to 10- and 1,000-L bioreactors -- A concentration ranging from 3.5 to 7.5×108 CFU/mL was obtained in shake flasks and bioreactors, and after 2 years stored at room temperature, the liquid formulation showed one order of magnitude decrease -- Applications of the cultured bacteria in maize yields resulted in increases of up to 95 % in corncobs and 70 % in aboveground biomass