CORRESPONDENCE OF DESIGN POLICIES WITH THE INNOVATION MEASUREMENT FRAMEWORK OF THE OSLO MANUAL
Lecuona Lopez, Manuel
Hernandez Monsalve, Maria Cristina
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The purpose of this analysis is to establish a correspondence of design policies with the innovation measurement framework of the Oslo Manual (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD, 2005). Its importance lies in the fact that, although among academics and professionals design has been recognized as an engine of economic development at both micro and macro levels, it is not recognized by policymakers; which implies that innovation policies are an established academic field while design policies remain as an emerging one. This study includes the analysis of six design policies from European countries or regions, which led to the identification of different strategies that are influenced by infrastructure and institutional framework, design promotion, education systems, etc. Those strategies were categorized into twelve groups using methodologies of qualitative content analysis. Afterwards, a SWOT analysis developed for each of the twelve categories allowed to established a relation between them and the stakeholders of the Oslo Manual's framework, in addition to the possibility to compare its implementation in each of the six-analyzed countries or regions. This graphical correlation showed that the existing links between the stakeholders of the system are the same links that exist between categories; therefore, the strategies of the different categories reinforce the links and ties between the different stakeholders of a system of Innovation from a country/region. This methodology can be adapted to analyze the design policy of any region. Replicate the results of this research would enable to standardize Latin American design policies in a global context by allowing them to be compared with systems from leading countries.
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